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Back Surgery: Pros & Cons

November 27th, 2018 | by Ankit
Back Surgery: Pros & Cons

By the time you sign up for back surgery, your doctor will probably have tried numerous treatments to ease your lower body weakness or back pain. While there are no guarantees the operation will provide relief, there are lots of choices. Surgeon use several orthopedic tools in the operation which can be accessible from trauma implants manufactures in India. Learn as much as you can about the surgery of back. The more you know, the better option you can choose.

What are the Benefits?

Usually, the result is more than just a drop-in pain. You may find:

  • You can move around better.
  • You are more physically fit.
  • Your mood improves.
  • You do not need to take as much pain medicine.
  • You can go back to work.
  • You are more productive at work.

Are There Risks?

Most people who get back surgery have minimal, complications if any.

That said, any operation has some degree of risk which includes the following:

  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots, for instance in your lungs or legs
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Herniated disk
  • Nerve damage, which can lead to paralysis, weakness, pain, sexual dysfunction, or loss of bowel or bladder control.

The odds that something could go wrong go up for people with certain health conditions. They also differ by type of surgery. Part of your surgeon’s job is to recognize potential problems. Thus, talk it over before you head to the OR.


Back Surgery Pros and Cons 

Each type comes with its own risks and advantages.

Spinal fusion: This is the most common surgery for chronic nonspecific back pain with changes that are degenerative. The doctor will join spinal bones, called vertebrae, together. This limits the movement between them and how far your nerves can stretch. But it possibly won’t limit your activity. It is rare, but the bones do not always fuse completely. Smoking can make this complication more likely. If it occurs, you may need another operation to fix it.

Laminectomy: This is the most common surgery for the lumbar spinal stenosis. In this procedure, a surgeon removes parts of the bone spurs, bone, ligaments in your back with the help of medical tools. This relieves pressure on spinal nerves and can ease weakness or pain, but the procedure can make your spine less stable. If that happens, you will probably need a spinal fusion as well. Sometimes doctors do the two procedures together.

Foraminotomy: This surgery is used to release pain associated with a compressed nerve in the spine. The orthopedic surgeon cuts away bone at the sides of your vertebrae to widen the space where nerves exit your spine. The extra room may relieve pressure on the nerves and relieve your pain. Like a laminectomy, this process can also make your spine less stable. Thus, the surgeon may do a spinal fusion at the same time. That will increase the amount of time you require for recovery.

Discectomy: Sometimes a disk, the cushion that separates your vertebrae, can slip out of place, press on a spinal nerve, and become a reason of back pain. In a discectomy, the surgeon removes all or part of the disk. He may have to make a big cut in your back using surgical instruments, or he may be able to do it through a small one called microdiscectomy. Microdiscectomy is performed with an operating microscope through a smaller incision than open discectomy and has become the standard surgical procedure for herniation of lumbar disc. Sometimes a discectomy is part of a larger surgery that includes laminectomy, spinal fusion, or foraminotomy.

Disk replacement: A orthopedic surgeon removes the damaged spinal disc and inserts an artificial on between your vertebrae. Unlike fusion, this allows you continue to move your spine. Recovery time may be shorter than for a spinal fusion, too. But there is a slight chance the new disc could slip or fall out of its position and need to be repaired.

Interlaminar implant: This is a minimally invasive alternative to laminectomy plus fusion surgery or more invasive laminectomy. The surgeon implants a U-shaped medical device between two vertebrae in your lower back. It helps keep the space open between them and eases pressure on your spinal nerves. It can be done at the same time as a laminectomy. Unlike spinal fusion, the orthopaedic implant provides stability and allows you to move your back almost like normal. You may not be able to bend backward as easily in that part. Siora Surgicals is one of the best orthopedic implants manufactures.

The biggest risk of back surgery: Not knowing for sure if it is going to help with your pain. The best thing you can do is talk openly with your surgeon, o that he knows what is going on with your health and you know what to expect before you go into the operating room.

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